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T., and another of the 4-5th century contains the four Gospels. books, dating from the 2nd-4th century, have been discovered in Egypt. From the early 3rd century we have: portions of 30 leaves with parts of the Gospels and Acts; a papyrus codex containing eight complete chapters of St Luke and five complete chapters of St John. He adduces multiple examples of Semitisms, and divides them into nine categories: Semitisms of borrowing, imitation, thought, vocabulary, syntax, style, composition, transmission, and translation. All manuscript statistics of the ancient classics are taken from the introductions to the critical editions of these texts published by Société d’Édition Les Belles Lettres, Paris. cit., p.328 The Gospel Tradition, Blackwell, Oxford 1970 R. Gundry, The Use of the Old Testament in St Matthew’s Gospel, Brill, Leiden 1967; E. Goodspeed, Matthew, Apostle and Evangelist, Winston, Philadelphia 1959; R. The reliability of these earliest complete copies of books is indicated by the fact that they closely correspond to earlier portions of books. We do not have the original manuscripts, but the earlier manuscripts from which our complete texts are descended have not perished without a trace. They correspond closely to our texts listed above, and it is a fair inference that the missing portions would show the same correspondence. From the 3rd century: two leaves of a codex with some of the text of chapters 1, 16 and 20 of John. In essence, he demonstrates that the Synoptic Gospels can only have taken shape in the Jewish culture of the first half of the 1st century A. Riesner, Jesus als Lehrer, Mohr, Tübingen 1988 The Birth of the Synoptic Gospels, Franciscan Herald Press, Chicago 1987, p.61 The Hebrew Christ. Blizzard, Understanding the Difficult Words of Jesus: New Insights from a Hebraic Perspective, Rev. Robinson dated the composition of Matthew from 40 to 60, using dots to indicate the traditions behind the text, dashes to indicate a first draft, and a continuous line to indicate writing and rewriting. Similarly, he dated Mark from 45 to 60, Luke from 55 to 62, and John from 40 to 65. Codex Bezae of the 5th century contains, inter alia, the four Gospels. His work The Birth of the Synoptic Gospels summarises twenty years of research on the Hebrew language background to the Gospels. Wenham, Redating Matthew, Mark and Luke, Hodder and Stoughton, London 1991, p.299. Another codex of the 5th century contains three-fifths of the N. D.: portions of 19 verses of St Matthew; papyri of St John’s Gospel containing twelve complete chapters and portions of the other nine; 86 leaves of a codex containing portions of St Paul’s letters. Carmignac names forty-nine scholars who uphold the Semitic origin of one or other of the Gospels. This figure does not include the even more numerous early manuscripts of translations into Latin, Syriac, Coptic, Armenian, Georgian, Ethiopian, Gothic, Old Church Slavonic and other languages. Mazon, Introduction à l’Iliade, Société d’Édition Les Belles Lettres, Paris 1959, pp.7-65. The Life of Christ, Bruce, Milwaukee 1947, pp.98-141 Redating the New Testament, SCM Press, London 1976, p.345 Idem, p.13 Idem, p.352 Redating Matthew, Mark and Luke, op. Oral Tradition and Written Transmission in Rabbinic Judaism and Early Christianity, Gleerup, Uppsala, Sweden 1961; Préhistoire des Évangiles, Cerf, Paris 1981; The Gospel Tradition, Gleerup, Lund 1986 Memory and Manuscript, op. Since Paleographic dating as it currently exists is unable "to construct a 95% confidence interval for NT manuscripts without allowing a century for an assigned date" none of the fragments of the canonical Gospels nor non canonal works like Egerton Papyrus 2 can be said definitively predate Against Heresies c. So the best that can be said is that the canonal Gospels existed in some form no later then 145 CE. Of the four canonical gospels, Matthew, Mark, and Luke share similar stories, similar descriptions of events, and even exact phrases from time to time.
Of these 4, the first 3 are known as the synoptic gospels - they say basically the same thing with different territorial twists thrown in - while John and the myriad Apocryphal gospels can be quite different. Selector .selector_input_interaction .selector_input. Selector .selector_input_interaction .selector_spinner. The gospels are books/collections of writings/scribblings, on looseleaf that "document" the birth, life, crucifixion, resurrection, and ascension of Jesus of Nazareth.The word gospel comes from the Olde Englishe gōd-spell (gōd [ All of the canonical gospels were originally written in Greek, even though Jesus spoke Aramaic.More over, other than what are claimed to be paraphrasing, no meaningful quoting of our canonical gospels occurred until Irenaeus' Against Heresies c.